Definition of burns:
First degree: the most common and minor of all burns, skin is dry, no blisters, skin reddened and can be extremely painful.
Second degree: Results from contact with hot liquids, solids, direct flame, chemicals or sun. the burned area is blistered and extremely painful.
Third degree: Full thickness of skin burns and this is the most serious burn. Results from contact with hot liquids, solids, flames, chemicals or electricity. Skin becomes dry, leathery, and charred with mixture of colors (white, dark and charred). May be extremely painful and full depth pain may be minimal to absent, for the nerve endings are damaged.
First Degree Burns:
- Immerse burned area in cold water immediately for minimum of 5 minutes.
- If necessary, apply gauze dressing LIGHTLY.
- Chemicals Burns: Wash immediately with large quantities of water for at least 15 minutes. Cover with gauze dressing. DO NOT OPEN BLISTERS.