Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
Bacterial STIs Spread By Body Fluids
- Facts: Fairly common on college campuses.
- Symptoms: Often silent. If symptoms, genital discharge, burning with urination, abdominal or testicular pain
- Consequences: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility
- Treatment: Antibiotics, can be cured, partner may need to be treated.
- Prevention: Condoms offer good protection, partners may need to be treated
- Facts: Fairly common in US but not as common on college campuses.
- Symptoms: Can be silent, especially in women. If symptoms, genital discharge, painful urination, abdominal or testicular pain
- Consequences: PID, infertility, arthritis, heart problems.
- Treatment: Antibiotics, can be cured, partners need to be treated.
- Prevention: Condoms offer good protection
Other bacterial STIs
- Bacterial Vaginosis (not always contracted sexually)
Viral STIs Spread By Blood and Other Body Fluids
HIV (Human Immunodefiency Virus) & AIDS
- Facts: Increasing fastest among young people
- Symptoms: Most people show no symptoms for many years but can still transmit the virus.
- Consequences: Development of opportunistic infections and full blown AIDS, death.
- Treatment: No cure. Many antiviral drugs can decrease viral load in the body, stave off infections and death.
- Prevention: Condoms offer good protection. No sharing of needles/syringes or other body fluid to open skin/muucus membrane contact.
- Facts: Much more readily infectious than HIV
- Symptoms: Some people have no symptoms. If symptoms: fatigue, nausea, jaundice and dark urine.
- Consequences: Can become chronic carriers, can cause progressive liver disease, sometimes death.
- Treatment: Rest, good nutrition, symptom relief
- Prevention: Vaccine preventable. If partner is infected, condoms offer some protection. No sharing of needles/syringes or other body fluid to open skin/muucus membrane contact.
Other viral STIs
- CMV (not always contracted sexually)
- Molluscum Contagiosum
Viral STIs Spread By Surface Contact
Human Papilloma Virus (Genital Warts, HPV)
- Facts: Possibly the most prevalent STI on college campuses
- Symptoms: Can be silent. If symptomatic, soft warts shaped like miniature cauliflower florets
- Consequences: Some strains cause cervical cancer in women, can cause genital cancer in males
- Treatment: No cure. There are several methods for controlling/treating the warts.
- Prevention: Condoms offer some protection, but uncovered skin might shed the virus even with no visible lesions.
Herpes Simplex Types 1 and 2
- Facts: Very prevalent on college campuses. Type 2 usually associated with genital herpes but type 1 can be present on genitals.
- Symptoms: Often silent. If symptomatic presents as painful blistery sores, sometimes associated with fever/swollen glands in groin.
- Consequences: Recurrent episodes, problems for babies of infected mothers
- Treatment: No cure. Anti-viral medications control or decrease symptoms.
- Prevention: No sexual contact during active stage. Condoms offer some protection, but uncovered skin might shed the virus even with no visible lesions.
- Pubic Lice
Both can also be spread by close but not necessarily sexual contact